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Central Island Agriculture Research Institute

Frequently Asked Questions

Division of FCIP:

Answer: ICAR-CIARI has developed 5 medium duration high yielding rice varieties viz. CARI Dhan 1, CARI Dhan 2, CARI Dhan 3, CARI Dhan 6 and CARI Dhan 7, for cultivation in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Among them CARI Dhan 6 and CARI Dhan 7 are resistant for bacterial blight disease.

Answer: ICAR-CIARI has developed 2 salt tolerant rice varieties viz. CARI Dhan 4 and CARI Dhan 5, for salt affected soils of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Answer: ICAR-CIARI has developed 5 Mung bean (Mung) varieties viz. CARI Mung 1, CARI Mung 2, CARI Mung 3, CARI Mung 4, CARI Mung 5 and two Urd bean (Urd) varieties CARI Urd 1 and CARI Urd 2 for cultivation in rice fallow during Rabi season in the Islands.

Answer:Farmers are advised to grow only wilt resistant brinjal varieties CARI Brinjal 1, (Green fruit) and CARI Brinjal 2 (Purple fruits) developed by ICAR-CIARI for Island and applies CARI Bioconsortia for wilt management in brinjal crop.

Answer:Various training programmes on Mushroom cultivation are being conducted by ICAR-CIARI, Port Blair and KVK, Sippighat for Islands farmers from time to time. Farmers can contact in officice of ICAR-CIARI, Port Blair and KVK, Sippighat for the same.

Answer:Quality seeds of Rice, Mung, Urd, brinjal etc. can be obtained from ICAR-CIARI, Port Blair.

Social Science Section:

Answer:The clients from different cluster of villages, peri urban & urban dwellers were facilitated for purchasing the desired planting materials on fruits, endemic plants, spices, from nursery of H & F division, Horticulture Farm, Sippighat along with technical knowhow by the scientist during the pandemic situation.

Answer:Few plants were given to the farmers after propagation by KVK, Sippighat. Awareness on Bread fruit & bread nut fruit was also given through popular article in dailies of ANI, The Echo of India dated 3/4/2021 by experts from H & F.

Answer:With experts of Mainland ICAR Institute and Scientist of H & F invasive spiralling white fly i.e. Rugose spiralling white fly infestation was identified and suitable control measures were given in local daily, the Echo of Andaman dated 26/3/2021

H&F:

Answer: Planting materials of different horticultural crops are available throughout the year. Director, ICAR-CIARI may be contacted for the same. Advance booking is desirable so that the supply could be assured in time.

Answer: Institute has released four dwarf varieties viz., Annapurna, Chandan, Omkar and Surya which are suitable for tender coconut purpose. Besides, Andaman Yellow Dwarf, Andaman Green Dwarf and Andaman Orange Dwarf are suitable for tender coconut purpose.

Answer: CIARI is producing and selling plants of Heliconia, Alpinia, Calathea for specialty cut flower production.

Answer: The Institute supplies number of fruit plant varieties including Noni, Dragon fruit, Garcinia, banana, Guava and several minor and underutilized fruits. The requirement has to be informed well in advance for timely supply.

Answer: Yes. The Institute undertakes consultancy on farm advisory services, horticultural entrepreneurship and orchard development. Director, CIARI, Port Blair may be contacted for availing the consultancy services.

Answer: One can contact Director, CIARI or OIC, ATIC, CIARI or Head, Division of Horticulture and Forestry for training calendar or to inform about the training requirements.

ASD:

Answer: At 7 days age for piglets from unvaccinated animals, Piglets of 3-4 weeks of age from vaccinated mother and then booster has to be given after first vaccination then vaccination has to be done at 12 months interval.

Answer: Humpsore is unhealed sore in hump (96%) and other parts such as eye, abdomen, udder, thigh and side of the body. It is caused by filarial worm Stephanofilariaa ssamensis and transmitted by vector fly Muscaconducens. Humid tropical climate with thick vegetation in Andaman and Nicobar Islands is ideal for humpsore development. Any injury in any body parts favours for humpsore development and sore becomes enlarged by secondary bacterial infections.

Answer: Humpsore causes continuous severe irritation and nuisance to the animals. It causes reduced milk production, unhygienic milk, retard growth rate, long inter-calving interval, poor conception rate or infertility, delayed puberty in heifers and prolonged post-partumanestrus. Humpsore causes severe economic losses to the farmers.

Answer: This methodology of tri-model therapy is the combination of different medicines and time of administration. This treatment method is cheaper, economic, effective, quick recovery, less recurrence, viable technology, sensitive and specific as well. The methodology is as follows. Cleaning of the wound with liquid soap to remove the dirt and application of green papaya mist on the wound surface (30 minutes) to digest the dead tissues are to be done daily for 3 days. Antiseptic and fly repellent ointment is to be applied daily for 45 days to check the bacterial infection and further deposition of larva of Stephanofilaria. Parenteral administration of Avermectin 200µg/kg body weight on day 0, 15 and 30 is to be done to kill microfilaria. Oral administration of tablet Diethylcarbamazine citrate 6 mg/kg body weight daily for 45 days is to be done to kill macrofilaria. Clinical improvement is observed day 15 of the post treatment onwards; however the whole treatment protocol is to be followed.

Answer:

  • Wound size (cm2) significantly reduced from 175 to 32 on day 15 and to 1.50 on day 30.
  • Success rate of the treatment: 95%
  • Milk yield increased in 76.47% of the treated animals
  • Induction or bring to heat in 54.16% of the treated animals
  • Milk yield increased @ 15-20%
  • Reduced the stress level and nuisance due to humpsore: decreased Malondialdehyde: 15-20% and cortisol: 20-25% and increased total antioxidant: 5-10%, superoxide dismutase: 20-30% and catalase: 12-30%
  • Lower recurrence rate
  • Answer: No. Ducklings are available at Department of Animal Husbandry. Now-a-days farmers started producing their own ducklings using facility of mini incubators.

    Answer: Available at ICAR-CIARI and moreover, chicks are available with farmers who are using mini incubator.

    Answer: Obviously and vaccination against duck plague is to be done at 8-12 weeks of age.

    Answer: No.

    Answer: Andaman local goat and Teressa goat is the suitable breed for A & N Islands. These goats are well adapted to the climatic conditions of the islands.

    Answer: To start a successful goat farming business in the A & N islands, following points are important.

  • Selection of sutiable germplasm is very important.
  • Training on scientific rearing of goat is essential.
  • Sufficient land should be available for shed, growing fodder as well as for grazing.
  • One can start with 1 male with 10 female unit or 2 male with 20 female unit.
  • Provision of clean drinking water.
  • Construct shed in upland with good aeration.
  • Record maintenance is very important.
  • Timely deworming should be done.
  • Answer:

  • Generally one acre land is sufficient to rear 10-12 goats.
  • to construct goat shed following points are important : should be constructed in elevated and well drained area, long axis should be in west-east direction, for island conditions raised platform or machan type is advisable, height should be minimum of 12 ft at the centre and slope of 9 ft, there should be provision for kid and pregnant females, should have good ventilation facility.
  • Space requirement for goats are :
    			Adult male	= 	2.0 m2
    			Adult female	=	1.5 m2
    			Grower		=	0.75 m2
    			Kid 		=	0.25 m2
  • Answer: Generally goat needs 2-5% of the body weight of green fodder per day. Concentrate feed should be given 200-400 gram per day. Mineral mixture should be given to all the goats daily. In Andaman many tree fodders are available like subabul, moringa, glyricidia( jindaballi), bakripatti, jackfruit, peepal, morindacitrifolia etc.

    Answer: Suitable age for breeding of female is 8-9 months. Gestation period is 5 months in goat.

    Answer: The common diseases/symptoms are:

  • Endo and ecto parasitic infestation
  • Pneumonia
  • Foot rot
  • Contagious ecthyma
  • Bloat
  • Diarrhoea
  • Answer: Broad spectrum anthlemintic should be used at least 3-4 times in a year.

    Answer: It is advisable to start goat farming with one male with 20-25 female. Male should be replaced or exchanged in every 2- 3 years to avoid inbreeding.

    Answer: In Andaman & Nicobar Islands many of the dreaded disease are not prevalent. So vaccination is not required. However, under the National Animal Disease Control Programme on Foot and Mouth Disease, the vaccination is being given for FMD.

    Answer: To improve the body weight and good growth following points are suggested.

  • Breeding of goat should be done at suitable age ( 8-9 months) with superior quality buck
  • Always keep male and female goat separately.
  • Timely de-worming is recommended.
  • Provide good quality feed, fodder and drinking water.
  • Shed should be properly ventilated and clean.
  • Feed mineral mixture daily.
  • Selection of male kid should be done on the basis of body weight at 6 months of age and female should be selected on the basis of twinning percentage.
  • Answer: Yes, it is very much profitable as there is a huge demand for pork among locals and pigs attain body weight of 60-65 kg in 8-9 months (marketing age). Moreover, the feed conservation efficiency of pig is very good, good litter size (8-12), not much occurrence of deadly diseases in Andaman and doesn't need huge initial investment to start pig farming.

    Answer: ICAR-CIARI, Port Blair maintains two indigenous pig breeds of Andaman and Nicobar Islands namely, Andaman local pig and Nicobari pig. These breeds are very much adaptable to Andaman climatic condition and have good potential. Andaman local pig attains body weight of 60-65 kg in 8 months whereas Nicobari pig attains 45050 kg in 8-9 months. Meat of these breeds are very much preferred in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

    Answer: Pigs need to be vaccinated against Classical swine fever and FMD as these diseases are endemic in A & N Islands. More information regarding vaccine source, dose, age of vaccination, please contact Animal Science Division, ICAR-CIARI.

    Answer: Yes, piglets of Andaman local pig and Nicobari pig are available at ICAR-CIARI. Farmers can directly come and purchase at institute fixed price.

    Answer: Pigs are omnivorous in nature and they take everything. For proper growth, balanced diet has to be provided. Farmers may purchase commercial feeds or may prepare homemade feed using locally available ingredients. For more information on how to prepare balanced feed, please contact Animal Science Division, ICAR-CIARI.

    Answer: Yes, it is very much safe. Proper cooking is required.

    Answer: Pig farming is very much profitable and can be a good option for youth as a source of income. For more information on scientific pig farming, beginners are requested to consult Head, Animal Science Division, ICAR-CIARI. Scientists of ICAR-CIARI are ready to help any willing farmer.

    Answer: Yes, ICAR-CIARI conducts training on scientific pig farming at regular interval. Farmers are requested to take advantage. Farmers at any day, may visit Animal Science Division of ICAR-CIARI and get information on that.