What are Fertilizers?
Fertilizers are those substances which are enlisted in schedule-I of the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985 and also mixture of fertilizers and special mixture of fertilizers which are notified by the State Government. The Government o India has so far enlisted 75 substances in the schedule –I of FCO.
What is the difference between mixture of fertilizer and complex fertilizers?
The complex fertilizer are those which contained to or more nutrient and during their production chemical reaction take place. The physical mixture also contains more then one nutrient but in their production no chemical reaction takes place and is produce by physical mixing two or more fertilizers with or without inert material.
How can one start the business of selling of fertilizer?
The persons who intend to sell or carrying on the business of fertilizer is required to obtain Authorization letter from the notified authority.
Who is ‘Notified Authority’?
Notified Authority is appointed by the State Government for the purpose of grant of Authorization letter etc.
Who is a Dealer?
Dealer is a person carrying on the business of selling fertilizers whether wholesale or retail or Industrial use & its includes manufacturer, Pool handling agency etc also.
Can a person selling fertilizer of any specification?
No person shall sell any fertilizer of any specification.
Whether any specification has been specified by Government of India?
Yes, to Schedule –I of the FCO the Government .of India specified specification of fertilizer what the grades.
What is a Watershed?

Watershed is a geo-hydrological unit of an area draining to a common outlet point. It is recognized as an ideal unit for planning & development of land water and vegetation resources.

What is Irrigation and what to Do?
  • Conserve soil and water through Good Agricultural Practices
  • Harvest rain water through construction of check dams and ponds
  • Adopt crop diversification, seed production and nursery raising in water logged areas. Adopt drip and sprinkler irrigation system to save 30-37% water and enhance crop quality and productivity.
What are breeder, foundation and certified seeds ?
  • Breeder seed : Breeder seed is seed or vegetative propagating material directly controlled by the originating or sponsoring plant breeder of the breeding programme or institution and/ or seed whose production is personally supervised by a qualified plant breeder and which provides the source for the initial and recurring increase of foundation seed. Breeder seed shall be genetically so pure as to guarantee that in the subsequent generation i.e. certified foundation seed class shall confirm to the prescribed standards of genetic purity. The other quality factors of breeder seed such as physical purity, inert matter, germination etc. shall be indicated on the label on actual basis.
  • Certified Seed : Certified seed shall be the progeny of foundation seed and its production shall be so handled as to maintain specific genetic identity and purity according to the standards prescribed for the crop being certified. Certified seed may be the progeny of certified seed provided this reproduction does not exceed three generations beyond foundation seed stage-I.
What is hybrid seed?
The first generation resulting from crossing of two varieties or parents. Hybrid(certified) seed is the first generation resulting from the cross of two approved inbred lines or parents , one of which is male sterile.
What is Labelled Seed?
The seeds of any crop varieties sold in the marked should be labeled as prescribed under Section 6 of the Seeds Act, 1966, such seeds are called Labelled Seed.
What is process and procedure of certification of seeds?
  • Receipt and scrutiny of application by state Seed Certification Agency;
  • Verification of seed source, class and other requirements of the seed used for raising the seed crop;
  • field inspections to verify conformity to the prescribed field standards;
  • Supervision of post-harvest stages including processing and packaging;
  • Seed sampling and analysis, including genetic purity test and/or seed health test, if any, in order to verify conformity to the prescribed standards; and
  • Grant of certificate and certification tags, tagging and sealing.
Which are the agencies authorised for certification of seeds?
Seed certification if voluntary in nature and anybody who is interested can undertake production of certified seed of varieties notified under Section 6 of the Seeds Act 1966. State Seed Certification Agencies are authorized to certify the seeds. At present there are 24 state Seed Certification Agencies in the country.
Which are the agencies that can produce certified seeds?
Anybody willing to come forward to produce certified seed can produce certified seed. At present State Seeds Corporations, National Seeds Corporation, State Farm Corporation of India, State Departments of Agriculture, Private Companies, Cooperatives and individual farmers are producing certified seed.
What is Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)?

The new central assistance scheme Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana was launched by Govt. of India during 2007-08 to incentives states to draw up plans for their agriculture sector more comprehensively, taking agro-climatic conditions, natural resource and technology into account and integrating livestock, poultry and fisheries fully. The RKVY aims at achieving 4% annual growth in the agriculture sector during the XI Plan period, by ensuring a holistic development of Agriculture and Allied Sectors.

RKVY is part of state plan and has two streams, Stream-I & Stream-II. Stream-I is project based and Stream-II is for strengthening of existing schemes and filling up of resource gap under State Plan. As per the guidelines of RKVY, State Level Sanctioning Committee (SLSC) has been constituted for sanctioning of Projects under Stream-I. At least one of the representatives of GOI has to be present in the meeting of the SLSC to complete the quorum of the meeting.

For Preparation of District Agriculture Plan of all the three districts of these islands, the contract has been awarded to NABCONS. Similarly, NABCONS has been engaged as the consultant for preparation of DPR for undertaking coastal aquaculture in sea water submerged paddy areas of South Andaman. (SO: http://agri.and.nic.in/rkvy.html)