Central Island Agriculture Research Institute

Establishment of Out Reach Centre (ORC) of Central Agricultural Research Institute (CARI) at Diglipur, North & Middle Andaman District with the support of NABARD, Port Blair

Dr. S. Dam Roy
Ex. Director & Program Leader

Dr. S.K. Zamir Ahmed
Sr. Scientist (Agrl. Extn.)& Coordinator ORC

Background Information

For technology dissemination to other islands of the Union Territory, transport is the major bottlenecks which hinder the efforts to evaluate the technologies in different socio - economic conditions and disseminate the technologies through different means. There is a lot of difference in natural resource base as well as socio-economic background of people in different islands , therefore, the technologies / varieties/ strains developed at Central Agricultural research Institute, South Andaman cannot be straight way transferred to farmers from elsewhere and needs evaluation and refinement to suit local condition.

To achieve this, an innovative approach for reaching the unreached, an Out Reach Centre Under the Farmers Technology Transfer Fund (FTTF) of NABARD, was established from July, 2009 at Diglipur of North & Middle Andaman district, which is 290 km. by road and 180 km. by sea away from the capital city Port Blair. ORC has taken its ToT programmes in the mode of capacity building, technology application through front line demonstration, evaluation of location specific technologies and its refinement, maintaining demonstration units on scientific lines, conducting extension activities like field days, advisory services, exposure visits, providing feedback, maintaining functional linkages both intra and inter institute for optimizing resources and maximize benefits for ensuring holistic development and socio economic upliftment of the villagers and the cluster of villages as a whole.

ORC has played a pivotal role in "FIRST LINE TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGIES". It acts as a centre stage between the researcher, line departments and front line extension worker to cater to the needs in agricultural and allied fields of the stake holders.

Time Line of Interventions

Date Event
21st Jan., 09 Proposal for ORC
27th Mar, 09 ORC sanctioned by NABARD
30th Apr, 09 Constitution of Project Monitoring committee (PMC)
9th - 11th Jun, 09 Site Selection Team Visit to Diglipur
17th Jun, 09 1st PMC Meeting
15th July, 09 ORC in Operation
24th Oct, 09 Introduction of Rain Gauge
Oct., 09 Rabi Technological Demonstration
June, 10 Kharif Technological Demonstration
12th Aug., 10 Bio-Mass fired Copra dryer
25th Oct., 10 Kiosk
10th Feb., 11 Automatic weather Station
17th April, 11 Mini Dhal Mill installed
July, 11 Seed village concept of HYV of Rice
June, 12 Model Satellite Nurseries of fish
10th Nov., 12 Mini Dhal Mill Operationalized

Salient achievement since July, 2009 to November, 2012 in the field of capacity building, technology application and extension activities carried out in collaboration with all divisions of CARI, KVK, South Andaman and line departments is manifested below:
Capacity building

Lot of emphasis has been laid on need-based training to the practicing farmers, farm-women and youth. Based on the felt needs and followed by feed back of the stakeholders training programmes of 3 to 4 days in interactive mode (both theory and practical) in the ratio of 60: 40 were imparted with an objective to deliver the knowhow and do how, furthering the development of knowledge, skill and positive change of other attributes of the target clientele. Scientists/faculty from CARI, KVK, NABARD and line departments were involved as resource personnel with pre and post evaluation as the main mandate of the program.

While imparting training, the principles of 'Teaching by Doing' and 'Learning by Doing' have been followed thoroughly. The practical training programmes envisaged acquiring of high quality skill after appropriate training. Necessary support and guidance have been provided to the farmer while applying skill in related enterprises. Supportive literature supplied after the completion of the training programmes helped in the reinforcement of the technology taught. These training programmes enabled the farmers, to adopt new technologies successfully which, in turn, have resulted in giving them high productivity in agriculture and allied fields. The adoption of improved technologies in different areas has led to the diversification of the enterprises, thereby offering greater self-employment opportunities and higher income for farm families.

During the period fourty seven field level training programmes including customized in the field of Crop production (07), Horticulture (11), Livestock (05), Fisheries (09), Natural Resource Management (NRM) (06), Plant protection (05), Post Harvest/ processing (03) and other fields(01) were conducted for the stakeholders, wherein a total of 1394 farmers representing 32 clusters of villages of Diglipur got trained. Abstract of training and participation of the stakeholders is presented in (Table 1).

Table 1. Abstract of Training programmes (July 2009 - November 2012)

Enterprise Training(Nos.) Male Female Total Trainee Days Ratio
Crop production 7 175 30 205 571 5.75:1
Horticulture 11 260 49 309 880 5.30:1
Livestock 5 114 29 143 489 3.93:1
Fisheries 9 220 33 253 886 6.66:1
NRM 9 174 66 240 795 2.64:1
Plant protection 5 124 27 151 393 5.11:1
Post Harvest/ Processing 3 52 25 77 154 2.08:1
Others 1 13 3 16 32 4.33:1
Total 47 1132 262 1394 4200 4.32:1

The overall participation of trainees was in the tune of 81% males and 19% females i.e., with a ratio of 4.32:1. This has lead to acceptance/adoption of the technologies in agriculture and allied fields for increase in production, productivity and thereby fetching better returns over the existing practices/crops. Besides a database of the trainees is also maintained for getting feedback and updating them on the latest knowhow and do how.

Glimpses of Capacity building programmes:

Plate 1. Hands on experience during training on
Model satellite nurseries in fish
Plate 2. Learning by doing-making of vermicompost
Plate 3. Method of selection of Goat Breed by expert
Plate 4. Learning by doing-Placing rat trap and cakes in rat infested field in presence of experts
Plate 5. Hands on practice in grafting by trainees
Plate 6. Expert gets feedback from trainees
Plate 7. Low cost Poly nursery introduced for Cole crops
Plate 8. Cabbage crop var. BC-76 in farmers field
Plate 9. Harvested crop of Cauliflower
Plate 10. Technological demonstration of Potato at farmers field
Plate 11 - 12. Technological demonstration of Potato at farmers field
Plate 13. Low cost Poly nursery introduced for Cole crops
Plate 14. Cabbage crop var. BC-76 in farmers field
Plate 15. Harvested crop of Cauliflower
Plate 16. Green Gram under arecanut
Plate 17. Sweet Potato var. SP-2 in farmers field
Plate:18 Tapioca var. Suryaprakash
Plate 19. Maize crop in farmers field
Plate 20. Farmers family with health seedlings
Plate 21. Transplanting of Seedling monitored by expert
Plate 22. Mature crop of CARI-5
Plate 23. Farmers heaps good harvest of crop
Plate 24. Var. GAYATRI
Plate 25. Var. CARI – 5
Plate 26. Var. Ranjeet
Plate 27. Truthfully labeled seeds produced

Technological Application in farmers field in Front line Demonstration mode:

Front line demonstrations (FLD) using seeds of high yielding varieties and advanced package of practices were demonstrated at the farmers field to popularize cultivation of high yielding varieties of field crops, plantation crops, backyard poultry, fish culture and others with the overall participation of the farmers. The total demonstrations conducted were 114 in Rabi season with crops viz. Green gram, Black gram, Cauliflower, Chilli, Cabbage, Groundnut, Potato, Okra, Tomato covering 12.99 ha, whereas 137 demonstrations were conducted in Kharif season with HYVs of rice and Hybrids covering an area of 39.15 ha. Besides Seed village production of rice in participatory mode, Goat, Pig, Duck (Peking cross), Model satellite nurseries of fresh water fish, Mini Dhal Mill, Copra drier, Coconut dehusker, Tuber crops (Elephant foot yam, tapioca, sweet potato), Pheromone traps for control of rhinoceros beetle and Rodent management traps were the other interventions carried out in farmers field. Regular monitoring of pest, disease, growth and yield attributes alongwith diagnostic and agro advisory services were also provided by the experts.

The details of technological demonstration taken up during the period (2009 - 12) both under Rabi and Kharif is presented below.

Rabi Technological Demonstration (RTD):

During 2009, twenty seven technological demonstrations in participatory mode with seven crops namely Green Gram var. K851 (03), Black Gram var. Tel Kalai local (09), Cauliflower var. White Marble(03) & Kimaya(01), Cabbage var. BC76 (02), Chilli var. Flame Hot (02), Tomato var. Lakshmi NP 5005 (03), Okra var. US-7136 (02) and Potato var. Kufri Jyothi (01) & Kufri Surya (01) were taken up in eight villages covering a total area of 4.45 ha. (Figure in parenthesis denotes number of demonstrations conducted).

The result in the farmers field showed that Chilli var. Flame Hot gave a mean yield of 10.0 t/ha against the local check var. Fair Bomb (8.55 t/ha), Cabbage var. BC 76 (45.0 t/ha) against check var. Blue Bandies (42.00 t/ha), Cauliflower var. White Marble (40.0 t/ha) and var. Kimaya (39.40 t/ha) against the local check var. karuna (34.0 t/ha), Okra var. US-7136 (5.6 t/ha) against check var. Arun 4.2 t/ha, Tomato var. Lakshmi NP 5005 (14.0 t/ha) against check var. Karan (11.0 t/ha), Green gram var. K851 ( 0.59 t/ha) against the local check (0.42 t /ha), Black gram var. Tel Kalai local (1.1t/ha) against the check Jhad Kalai (0.8 t/ha) and Potato var. K. Surya (8.13 t/ha) and K. Jyothi (1.88 t/ha) against the local check (1.40 t/ha).

Please Note: There was receipt of 224.08 mm of rainfall (4 rainy days) in the month of January 2010 i.e. the harvest period of the crop which resulted in yield below its fullest potentia
During 2011, fourteen technological demonstrations in farmers showed that Sweet potato var. SP-2 gave an yield of 11.2 t/ha. Chilli var. Surya (2.08 t/ha), Black Gram var. T-9 (0.67 t/ha) and Green Gram var. CO-6 (0.70 t/ha), Groundnut var. ICGS 76 (1.2 t/ha) which was better than the local check.

Kharif Technological Demonstration(KTD):

During 2010, a total of fifty three demonstrations in participatory mode i.e. sixteen under SRI (6.30 ha) and thirty seven under non SRI (13.30 ha) were conducted covering an area of 19.60 ha and ten cluster of villages i.e. Khudirampur, V.S. Pally, Subhash Gram, Keralapuram, Sita Nagar, R.K. Gram, D.B. Gram, and Madhupur & Laxmipur. The result showed that under SRI, var. US 312 gave mean yield of 5.86 t/ha. against local check Jaya (3.86 t/ha) showing 52 percent increase in yield followed by var. VNR-2355 plus (5.74 t/ha), whereas under under non SRI, var. Gayatri gave the yield of 4.84 t/ha followed by var.VNR 2355 Plus (4.24 t/ha), Ranjeet (3.88 t/ha), Varsha (3.81 t/ha) and US-312 (3.78 t/ha) respectively. Here, the percentage increase in yield was 29% in var. Ranjeet followed by Gayatri (27%), VNR 2355 Plus (18%), Varsha (15.45%) and US312 (13%) over the local check var. Jaya respectively. CARI-5 (in problem soil)gave a mean yield of 2.65 t/ha compared to local check (2.20 t/ha) resulting in 20.45% increase in yield.

In the year 2011, a total of 31 technological demonstration i.e.,16 with HYVs of rice in 2.25 ha and 15 under Hybrid rice in 2.60 ha with 6 varieties in 27 cluster of villages was taken in participatory mode covering a total of 4.85 ha. The results of HYVs indicated that var. Gayatri gave mean yield of 5.30 t/ha against local check var. Jaya (3.60 t/ha) followed by Varsha (4.77 t/ha), BPT-5204 (4.14 t/ha) and JGL (2.65 t/ha) respectively. Here, Gayatri gave 35.90% increase in yield, followed by BPT-5204 (33.55%), Varsha (19.25 %) and JGL (6 %). The results of hybrid variety of rice indicated that var. US-316 gave a mean yield of 7.08 t/ha against the local check Jaya (3.30 t/ha) followed by VNR-2355 Plus (6.75 t/ha). The percentage increase in yield was 136.00 % in var. US 316 and 104.55% in var. VNR-2355 Plus.

Seed Village Production of HYV of rice:

Under the plan and guidance of Division of Field crops of the host institute, production of truthfully labeled seeds of HYV of paddy in participatory mode was taken up in association with ORC at Diglipur. As per this seed village production of HYV rice was carried out for the first time of its kind in Diglipur in the area of 0.95 ha with 6 varieties involving 6 farmers. A total of 3 tons of truthfully labelled seeds were produced and taken in buyback system. During the year 2012, Seed village production of rice is under progess with 7 varieties involving 10 farmers of four villages in 3.33 ha.

Extension activities:

The ToT programmes, since its inception, have taken up a group approach rather than an individual farm family approach. Result demonstrations followed by method demonstrations in the farmers field were carried out with a view to convincingly educate the farmers regarding the feasibility of increasing the yield per unit area of the land, to its maximum potential. Field days were organized to familiarize the innovative technologies, followed by method demonstration to show how to use them . Farmers were also taken to the host institute to see the models developed and participate in the interaction with the scientist. This helped in monitoring the impact of various modern technologies disseminated and bringing about the motivational change. Finally, it fetched in the first hand information as the feedback from the practicing farmers, so as to enable the scientists to take up immediate and effective follow up in improvement. Consequently, there has been a visible change in the varietal pattern of sequential crops at farmers fields, improvement in the land utilization and in annual gross revenue to the farmers. In addition to the field days, Kisan mela, exhibitions, wide publicity managed through all feasible media, Scientist farmer interactions followed by personal and group contacts, have resulted in better utilization of the extension programmes. The details of the activities is presented (Table 2).

Table 2 Extension activities of ORC ( From July 2009 to Nov 2012)

Activities No. Beneficiaries (Nos.)
Vocational Training 41 1219
Customised Training 06 175
Kharif Technological Demonstration (No/ha) 137 Nos. (39.15 ha)
Rabi Technological Demonstration (No/ha) 114 Nos. (12.99 ha)
Seed Village production of HYV of rice 0.95 ha in 2011 and 3.33 ha in 2012
Model Satellite Nursery of Fish 05 Nurseries
Kisan Gosti 05 102
Technological backstopping 01 75
Scientists-farmers interaction 4 257
Exposure visit during Kisan Mela 03 163 farmers representing Diglipur, Mayabunder, Nimbudera, Baratang
Field visit of experts/ staff 1285 visits were undertaken for selection of farmers for technological demonstrations, training, exposure visit, monitoring the crop & feed back
Farmer visit to ORC 475 target clientele visited for discussion on crop & training, reading technical books for updating information and meeting experts
Telephonic Advisory
( 6th Feb 10 onwards)
33 advisory on pest, disease, management of crop, livestock, fish were given by experts of the host institute.
Village covered 32 cluster of villages at Diglipur including Mayabunder ,Nimbudera , Basanthipur have been benefited through training & demonstration programme.
Visit of Experts & Others to ORC 105 (Scientists of host Institute, PMC member, Pradhan & Line Development Department)
On Doordarshan One Programme with repeated telecast
Awareness Campaign (02) Importance & Management of Plant genetic wealth of A&N Islands, Potential fishing zone,, wherein 114 male & 23 female totaling to 147 participated.
Farmer Club Farmer club members regularly attending for taking up income generation activities
Recognition of Farmers Three farmers during IKM 2012, two during Farm innovators meet 2012 and Four farmer got awarded during IKM 2011
Field Day Two field days one each on "Mini Dal Mill and Seed production of HYV of rice var. Ranjeet" was conducted on 10th Nov. 2012.
PMC meeting 6 Project Monitoring Committee meetings have been conducted from time to time to review the activities carried out by ORC

Training Manuals developed

In addition to technology application and capacity building, market information on sale and purchase price of the perishable commodities like fish, vegetables, fruits, cereals, meat and pulses is collected from two un-regulated markets through interview method and personal observation with the help of key informants from Subhash Gram and Aerial Bay at weekly intervals on the product available and sold to the commoners are disseminated during training, visit and interaction to the stakeholders.

For more Information please contact:

Dr. S. Dam Roy
Director & Program Leader
Central Agricultural Research Institute,
Post Box # 181, Port Blair - 744 101
A & N Islands
Phone: 03192 -250436(O), 250341 (Direct)
Mobile: 08348001000
Fax: 03192 - 251068
Dr. S.K. Zamir Ahmed
Principal Scientist (Agrl. Extn.) & Coordinator ORC
Central Agricultural Research Institute,
Post Box # 181, Port Blair - 744 101
A & N Islands
Email: zamir562.za@gmail.com
Phone: 03192 -250436(O)
Mobile: 09434262869
Fax: 03192 - 251068