Central Island Agriculture Research Institute
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About Central Island Agricultural Research Institute

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REALIZING the importance of islands agriculture to provide better livelihood to the people with integrated approach in these remote Islands, Indian Council of Agricultural Research established Central Island Agricultural Research Institute (CIARI) in 23rd June 1978 by merging regional stations of IARI, IVRI, CPCRI and CMFRI. Since then CIARI is conducting research work for the farming community of these Islands. Presently, the research work has been conducted under five division viz., Field Improvement and Protection, Natural Resource Management, Animal Science, Horticulture and Forestry & Fishery Science and Social Science section.

The institute has four research farms, main campus at Garacharma of 62 ha area, where work on field crops, horticulture, Animal Sciences and fresh water fisheries are carried out. Another one is at Sippighat having an area of 32 ha where research work on horticulture and brackish water fisheries is carried out. Third farm is located at Bloomsdale which has flat lands of 3.5 ha and this is used for research work on Natural Resource Management and field crops. The fourth farm is at Marine Hill where state of the art fisheries informatics lab has been established. The institute has fairly adequate laboratory facilities for all divisions in addition to a well equipped Central Instrumentation Facility with all possible sophisticated instruments. To reach the farmers of different Islands and transfer the technologies developed by CIARI, an Out Reach Centre funded by NABARD has been established at Diglipur. This centre has become operational from 15th July, 2009. ICAR has sanctioned one KVK in Nicobar district.

The institute has been doing work for the island farmers to provide decent livelihood through technological intervention. The major mandate of the institute is to provide a research base to improve the productivity of important agriculture, horticulture, livestock and fishery sector of A & N Islands through adoptive, basic and strategic research. While earlier focus was to attain self sufficiency for island, the situation has changed in recent years. Due to the impact of the climate change and changing scenario of the agriculture practices, focus will now be to make self sufficiency by enhancing the productivity without disturbing the fragile ecosystem.



    • To provide a research base to improve the productivity of agri-horticulture, livestock and fisheries of Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep group of Islands through basic, applied and adaptive research
    • Conservation, characterization and sustainable utilization of natural resources and harnessing through post harvest and value addition
    • To standardize technologies for health coverage and bio security of plant, animal and fishery resources
    • To standardize techniques for capture and culture fisheries including coastal aquaculture
    • Vulnerability studies of Island ecosystem and adaptive strategies to develop climate resilient agriculture
    • Transfer of technology, capacity building, policy support and market intelligence to stake holders


    Sustainable development in agri-horticulture, livestock and fisheries sector in the changing climatic scenario to ensure decent livelihood in the fragile island ecosystem



    Providing decent livelihood to farm youth from agriculture in a fragile island ecosystem on sustainable basis.



    The Island economy has undergone a sea change in recent past. From forest based and Government job based economy, it is shifting to tourism based economy. This shift requires a rethink on research programmes to meet the emerging challenges of inclusive growth and sustainable economy. With this in view, following focus has been envisaged for CIARI.


    • Development of suitable technological innovations for enhancing rice production and efficient processing to meet Individual Island level requirement in view of the forthcoming Food Security Act.
    • Reorientation of agricultural production system to meet the demand of perishable products, viz. milk, egg, meat, fish, fruits,vegetables and flowers with specific reference to demand of booming tourism industry.
    • Suitable processing and value addition technologies for organic farming system to market with a decoratively packaged Andaman brand organic farm products.
    • Development of suitable production to consumption level chain involving SHGs and retailers / armed forces / processors.
    • Conservation and bio-prospecting of biodiversity richness of the Islands.
    • Appropriate rain water management technology to create micro level water resources to increase irrigated area from present 3 % to a significant level.
    • Linking CIARI with other educational institutions for creating local level skilled human resources in field of agriculture and allied sciences.
    • Making CIARI a model for NARS of small island Nations and collaborating with them with special reference to post disaster restoration of agriculture.

Thrust Areas for XII Plan

Broad research programmes for the XII Plan are as under

    • Characterization and bio-prospecting of natural Island bio-resources
    • Climate proofing Island agriculture for improving productivity
    • Development of harvest - post-harvest management practices and value addition
    • Policy support research for agriculture development in the Islands

Beside three other programmes are
    • Flagship programme on Integrated agriculture system for eco-regions
    • Establishment of composite bio-security & quarantine facility
    • Tribal sub plan