Central Island Agriculture Research Institute
Important Announcements:

Division of Animal Science

Scientists

The CIARI was established on 23.06.1978 by amalgamating the regional research centres of various ICAR institutes. The division of Animal Science was established after amalgamating the regional centre of IVRI. Later as per QRT recommendations, division were designated as research section.
The mandate for animal science is

  • To provide a research base for improving the productivity of livestock and its products for self sufficiency in the islands.
  • To standardise technologies for animal health coverage and livestock production system.
To fulfil the mandates various projects were undertaken in the division to fulfil the mandate. Efforts were undertaken to develop infrastructural facilities for the research work. The major emphasis was laid down on problem-based work in close collaboration with the development departments of these Islands.

Thrust area

  • Characterization and conservation of indigenous livestock and poultry germplasm of Bay Islands
  • Identification and evaluation of non conventional energy sources
  • Augmentation of feed & fodder resources
  • Study on nutritional requirements of indigenous germplasms viz. Nicobari fowl, Teressa goat and Nicobari Pig to improve their performance.
  • Development and establishment of disease diagnosis, surveillance and monitoring facilities.
  • Immunological and molecular investigations on disease resistance in indigenous pig, goat & poultry
  • Screening of indigenous medicinal plants for better health and productivity of livestock.
  • Post harvest technology and value addition of livestock and poultry produce
  • Promotion of concept of contract farming based on pig, goat, poultry and fodder production.
  • Diversification of poultry – propagation of alternate poultry farming

Infrastructure

Livestock farm complex

  • Livestock : Cattle (Holstein Friesian and Jersey Cross bred), buffalo ( Local) , goat(Andaman local, Teresa, Boer cross), pig ( Local and Large white Yorkshire), Nicobari fowl ( Brown, White & Black, Vanraja)
  • Sheds for cattle, goat, pig, and poultry.
  • Hatcher & Incubator facility ( 17000 cap)
  • Milk pasteurization and packaging unit ( 200l)
  • Post mortem and electric incinerator
  • Vermicompost unit

Project-wise Achievements

Improvement of Nicobari fowl for meat and egg:
  • Deepika, an improved dual purpose Nicobari fowl was produced by crossing White Nicobari and Vanaraja which showed higher adult body weight (1923.10 g at 4 month of age) and annual egg production (185 eggs/annum/bird) with better survivability.
  • Primary antibody titers against GRBC antigens increased and peaked significantly after 7 days post primary immunization and then it declined gradually.
  • There are variations in antibody response to GRBC among the Nicobari and Vanaraja fowls and their F1 as well as F2 crosses.
  • Positive heterosis was found in F1 crosses of Black Nicobari X Vanaraja, Brown Nicobari X Vanaraja and Vanaraja X Brown Nicobari where both male and female of the crosses showed higher HA titres than their parents
  • In general, the indigenous Nicobari fowl showed higher immunocompetence than Vanaraja and when Black or Brown Nicobari fowl was used as parent for the production of crosses, the progenies showed higher immunocompetence status.
Productivity enhancement of goats in Bay Islands:
  • Survey on Herd composition and performance evaluation of Andaman Local & Terassa Goat was performed and its conservation is in progress.
  • AI technology was standardized and is being performed to get F1 from crossing of local Andaman and Terrasa goats with Boer
  • The F1 generation goats appeared phenotypically similar to Boer.
  • A significantly (p<0.05) increased live weight of genetically upgraded local goat crosses at birth , 3, 6, 9 and 12 months was observed in comparison to Local Andaman goat, Boer cross& Teressa goat
Augmentation of production in dairy cattle and buffaloes through reproductive health management techniques:
  • Murrah buffalo crossbred calf produced through CIDR-Fixed Time AI technology.
  • Inter Calving Period reduced significantly in cross bred cows (17 to 13 months)
  • Post Partum Anestrum is the major cause of infertility in dairy cattle
  • Morinda supplementation improved health and production in dairy cattle
Molecular characterization of indigenous pig breeds of Bay Island by microsatellite markers:
  • Haematological parameters of different pig breeds available at Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India viz. Andaman wild pig, Nicobari pig, Andaman desi pig and Large White Yorkshire were compared and Andaman Wild pig was found most adaptable based on Neutrophil and Lymphocyte ratio.
  • Phenotypic characterization of a wild pig maintained at Mini zoo, Haddoo was carried out. General appearance of the pig was very short with compact body and was very active, alert and a fast runner.
  • Observed numbers of alleles, PCR product size range, observed heterozygosity, polymorphism information content (PIC) at different microsatellite loci of indigenous desi pig and Nicobari pig was carried out.
  • Nicobari pig and Andaman desi pig was found to be as distinct pig breeds.
Dietary supplementation of micronutrient to improve the productivity of livestock:
  • Supplementation of 80 ppm Zinc per day per piglet resulted significant increase in body weight
  • Local pig showed good mothering ability with well developed udder
  • Proximate analysis of locally available feeds used for pig feeding showed deficient in Cupper and Zinc
  • Haematological profile of local pig showed good adaptability to island ecosystem
Development of therapeutics & supplements by using indigenous herbs and beneficial microorganisms for livestock health and production:
  • Feeding of morinda based herbal tonic (Gromune) @ 15 ml/bird enhanced body weight gain in the broiler birds with better FCR ratio of 2.53 than the control (2.73) birds
  • Feeding of morical (Morinda based feed supplement) @ 4% in feed showed higher egg production (61.76%) than control (37.94%) in Japanese quail
  • Screening of Lactic acid bacteria showed antimicrobial and cholesterol assimilation activity.
Production of enriched chicken egg and meat:
  • Supplementation of Marigold dry powder @3% in feed improved the caroteinoid pigments in the egg yolk
  • Supplementation of iron in Fe-soya proteinate form improved the iron content by 28%
Rejuvenation and Improvement of Nicobari Fowl through collection, propagation, selection and Conservation:
  • Pure Nicobari fowls (Takniet) are being collected, propagated and conserved at Institute farm.
Isolation, identification and characterization of marine Actinomycets from Andaman coast:
  • Actinomycetes isolates were obtained from the sediments samples of South Andaman (78 nos)< Middle Andaman (38 nos) and North Andaman (30 nos).
  • Zone as well as station wise distribution of various genus of Marine Actinobacteria were analyzed using Primer 6 software and Actinomycetes have been reported from all the stations irrespective of the depths.
  • The isolates belong to the genera Streptomyces, Nocardia, Actinomadura, Streptosporangium, Actinoplanes, Bifidobacterium. and Micromonospora.
  • Isolates were screened for antagonistic activity against various human pathogens like Salmonella sp., Vibrio sp., E.coli, Proteus vulgaris and two isolates of Streptomycetes showed very good antibacterial activity against all the pathogens tested.
Serosurveillance of FMD in A&N Islands:
  • Total of 180 paired sera samples were screened for detection of antibodies against A, O and Asia 1 serotypes
  • Post vaccination percent protection for type O, A and Asia 1 were 27.22% , 22.22% and 16.67% respectively
  • Total 147 cattle samples were screened for DIVA, out of which 14 (9.2%) were found positive which were from vaccinated areas and had a history of FMD outbreak in 2005.
  • Total 77 samples were screened for random sero-surveillance LPB ELISA (55 nos from South Andaman district and 22 nos from North Andaman district) which showed 9.09%, 5.19% and 6.49% protection for type O, A and Asia 1 respectively

Technology developed

  • Package of practices for Nicobari fowl backyard farming
  • Upgraded Nicobari dual-purpose cross bred for backyard farming
  • Dweep Rani: Black Rock X White Nicobari: Egg Prod. 180/Yr.
  • Dweep Raja – Black Rock X Black Nicobari.Egg Prod. 160/Yr
  • Package of practices for Japanese Quail farming
  • Package of practices for Duck farming
  • Package of practices for Turkey production
  • Package of practices for Guinea Fowl production
  • Package of practices for Scientific Pig farming
  • Package of practices for Dairy farming
  • Package of practices for Goat farming
  • Island based disease forecasting System
  • Various strains of Fodder germplasm and its cultivation
  • Azolla cultivation & feeding Technology
  • Milk product preparation and Spent hen processing for Chicken nugget preparation

Extension/ Outreach Programmes/ Activities

  • Distribution of livestock , poultry and fodder germplasm
  • Disease diagnosis facility.
  • Feed analysis.
  • Nutritive value of feeds and fodder.
  • AI Facilities for goat
  • Veterinary Ultrasonography
  • Advisory to farmers, entrepreneurs and NGOs
  • Training to the farmers and rural youths
  • Teaching and extension


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