The Andaman & Nicobar group of Islands in Bay of Bengal and Lakshadweep Islands in Arabian Sea is well known for its unique biodiversity and unexplored flora and fauna which have created interest at National and International level. The Islands have about 50000 ha under all the agricultural crops with major area of over 20000 ha under coconut. The territory has a major coast line highlighting the importance of fisheries and typical coastal climate. The diverse flora and fauna having horticultural importance, unique breeds of domestic animals sustaining the livelihood of tribal population, diverse settler communities & tribal population with typical food habits, posing challenges to sustain the fragile production systems makes this as topic of interest among the researchers. The horticulturally based integrated farming system of the Islands has enormous potential for providing livelihood options and can play a significant role in supporting agro-tourism based economy.
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